IEEE Spectrum

by spectrum@ieee.org · · · · 40 subscribers

IEEE Spectrum

Steven Cherry Hi, this is Steven Cherry for IEEE Spectrum's podcast, Fixing the Future. IBM is a remarkable company, known for many things—the tabulating machines that calculated the 1890 U.S. Census, the mainframe computer, legitimizing the person computer, and developing the software that beat the best in the world at chess and then Jeopardy. The company is, though, even more remarkable for the businesses it departed—often while they were still highly profitable—and pivoting to new ones before their profitability was obvious or assured. The pivot people are most familiar with is the one into the PC market in …

more...


Tags: technology

Older Episodes

![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNzA0NDU4NS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY2NzcxOTIyM30.rOCNTpw4NZ5jI6rjjlgOlzvHt9le7NxsX0qcYoHJkds/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C534%2C0%2C534&height=700) Hi and welcome to Fixing the Future, IEEE Spectrum’s podcast series on the technologies that can set us on the right path toward sustainability, meaningful work, and a healthy economy for all. Fixing the Future is sponsored by COMSOL, makers of of [COMSOL Multiphysics simulation software](https://www.comsol.com/comsol-multiphysics). I’m Steven …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNzA0NDY2Ny9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY3MTM5OTYxOX0.atLFjYEOXqab87DIk5Qz_HVG- TQr7kBDt0GLhZGp24I/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C232%2C0%2C232&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Hi, this is Steven Cherry for IEEE Spectrum's podcast series, “Fixing the Future." That's the first time you've heard me say that. The most honest and inadvertently funny marketing message I ever saw was at a gas station that was closed for remodeling; it had …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNzA0NDcxMi9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY4NzI3OTg2OX0.bfMaHh4gcsPqhgPfjezjYQsitc0w2jACn5mrMEmTBIY/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C192%2C0%2C192&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Hi, this is Steven Cherry for Radio Spectrum. A recent podcast about a carbon-negative technology startup had a small connection to beer. Today’s podcast also concerns a way to reduce our carbon footprint, and has a small connection to beer. In every other way, the two …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNzA0NDc3My9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY1OTcyMzU5OX0.-ehQxORNmjDahxW4ujCTq6syqre_B3Tv3-2f5bK0rkY/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Hi, this is Steven Cherry, for Radio Spectrum. A few months ago, we had on the show an economist who specialized in the energy sector. She noted that while the Trump administration had [put drilling rights](https://www.npr.org/2020/11/16/935527352/trump-administration-rushes- to-sell-oil-rights-in-arctic-national-wildlife-refug) to the Alaska Natural Wildlife Refuge, or ANWAR, up …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNzA0NDc5OS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY0MDUyMTM3NH0.SSkLNwM9Xm5tDHjDN4k8ic7fOGc3Tr4GhnNPvUZBPv4/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **Steven Cherry** When horses were replaced by engines, for work and transportation, we didn't need to rethink our legal frameworks. So when a fixed-in-place factory machine is replaced by a free-standing AI robot, or when a human truck driver is replaced by autonomous driving software, do we really …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNzA0NDgyOS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY2OTE4MDYxOX0.xIjmVkwMCV2cMYjXCHK5d_zghVELJ2vBxqv1j-dbj4c/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) Cities are engines of innovation as well as fashion, art, finance, and science, and they have been for every great civilization, whether it’s the cities of China, Egypt, Persia, Greece; the Mayans and the Romans; Venice in the 16th century, or Paris, London, and New York in the …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNzA0NDg4NC9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY0NzA2NjYyN30.TajLke3BB93Qb0g7VweW9smYFWt7LVM8LpXFH90W88E/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Hi this is Steven Cherry for Radio Spectrum. The African nation of Equatorial Guinea is [rich in oil and gas reserves](https://www.eia.gov/international/analysis/country/GNQ), yet poor in most other ways. It has over a billion barrels of proved crude oil and over a trillion cubic feet of proved natural …
Self-Walking Exoskeletons April 29, 2021
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNzA0NDk2OC9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYzNTA3Mzg2MH0.BJ-o08koSLKnAX7uT5rOnu5PCxtMen040rr6tBdBB38/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Hi this is Steven Cherry for Radio Spectrum. The Existentialist philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre has an example that he uses to describe what it is to decide to do something … what the process of decision- making is. Or, more precisely, what the process isn’t. He says, …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNzA0NDk4Mi9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY5MzQ3NjI0NX0.8-AmpVz4Tgx-H9_hUKb3Ruv6FzxKts8ZMwJla4M_Ads/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Hi, this is Steven Cherry, for Radio Spectrum. Has there been any technology more widely talked about and yet still less understood than 5G? Let’s step back a bit. In the mid-1970s, European telecom researchers came up with the GSM standard. By 1991 the first GSM …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNjE0MzA4NS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY3NDI0NDMyMn0.GI0VC2oW4sSTATghIecZfIV3UZrXDBjObm94DIT3CVQ/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Hi this is Steven Cherry for Radio Spectrum. If there’s one thing we can all agree on, it’s that the world is not only changing quickly, it’s changing at a faster rate than ever. Or does it just seem that way? Surely we can all agree …
Is Cyberwar War? March 29, 2021
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNjE0NDkwNy9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY4Mzc1MjI2Nn0.ggwOh3OTZl00SvPZgUT15Jv5fTeCXDNv5689asXPwrY/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Hi, this is Steven Cherry for Radio Spectrum. At a conference of chief technology officers in 2016, [General Michael Hayden](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Hayden_\(general\)), former head of, at different times, both the NSA and the CIA, told the audience, “Cyberwar isn’t exactly war, but it’s not not-war, either.” Cyberattacks, at …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNjE0NDU5My9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYzNzc0MDI3Mn0.RdvUxaHgB3YOVETl7X4XXvI865Y6ujHJAPOTvHqYYd8/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **TRANSCRIPT** **Steven Cherry** Hi, this is Steven Cherry for Radio Spectrum. Today's episode looks at a collision of mathematics and politics. In the 2020 elections for the North Carolina State House, Democrats received 49 percent of the votes but won only 42.5 percent of the seats. In three- …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNjE0NDgxNi9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY5MTQ2MDgyMn0.oHPqpin8nJZr4T23ZoLDdUMnR- rqKrj_KOmC17NbXj8/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Hi, this is Steven Cherry for Radio Spectrum. Let’s face it. The United States, and, really, the entire world, has [squandered](https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/08/01/magazine/climate- change-losing-earth.html) much of the time that has elapsed since climate change first became a concern more than forty years ago. Increasingly, scientists are warning …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNjE0NTA4NS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY1NjA3OTM3Nn0.vSKOoKFO4cDyoGvbJIisj_8K7ZaMa9yb5Rr6i5wZOO8/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Hi this is Steven Cherry for Radio Spectrum. Many things have changed in 2020, and it’s an open question which are altered permanently and which are transitory. Work-from-home may be here to stay; as might the shift from movie theatres and cable tv networks to streaming …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNjE0NDc4NS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY4ODg4MTk3Nn0.njD5szLSTP0PBDdqTTFHfxSRlWn95kOv26qEYhZQOik/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Hi, this is Steven Cherry for Radio Spectrum. Batteries have come a long way. What used to power flashlights and toys, Timex watches and Sony Walkmans, are now found in everything from phones and laptops to cars and planes. Batteries all [work](https://engineering.mit.edu/engage/ask-an-engineer/how- does-a-battery-work/) the same: Chemical …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNjE0NDc1NS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYzNzcwMDY3OH0.W-b9dxYgtx1bRbaJErtzQnIIr7pT-5Wh3KV8CbC5FmA/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C365%2C0%2C366&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Hi, this is Steven Cherry for Radio Spectrum. The saddest fact about the coronavirus pandemic is certainly the deaths it has already caused and the many more deaths to come before the world gets the virus under at least as much control as, say, chicken pox …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNjE0NDYyNC9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYzOTQ5OTc4M30.q0GZ7E8-66zqzvfuovkaaU961idnu_FX5ugcsUQHXPI/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Today’s episode may confuse people and search engines alike—we’ve titled this podcast series Radio Spectrum, but our topic for today is the radio spectrum. Could you here the capital letters the first time I said “radio spectrum” and all lower case letters the second time? I …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNTUzNjQyNy9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYzNTc2MDkxNX0.97E750EyWHwLzfvbXd65u6DZTnSXqKKqy_UrwsYan2w/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **Steven Cherry** Hi, this is Steven Cherry, for Radio Spectrum. The [_Literary Digest_](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Literary_Digest), a now-defunct magazine, was founded in 1890. It offered—despite what you'd expect from its name—condensed versions of news-analysis and opinion pieces. By the mid-1920s, it had over a million subscribers. Some measure of its fame …
![](https://spectrum.ieee.org/media- library/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNTUzNjQwNi9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY0MDUxMTc5OX0.Vhp- OaTfDac34tfbg-q8pJeORobx5gNinjfaOW7Km_0/image.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C116%2C0%2C116&height=700) **Steven Cherry** There’s a Silicon Valley VC who might have been the first to call cars, “mobile phones with wheels,” at least, I heard him say that back in 2015. That’s only somewhat true for today’s cars—no phone has a multi-speed transmission or a timing belt, no …